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NABARD Watershed Development Programme

Six Watershed Development Projects have been implemented between 2010-16 under NABARD, with A.F as Project Facilitating  Agency. (P.F.A).

Summary of Watershed Development Projects approved by NABARD.

Sl.No.

Name of Watersheds

Mandal

Total Extent (ha.)

No. of families covered

Outlay

(Rs. in crores)

1

Garudapuram,

Kalyandurg

1000 ha.

250

1.12 Cr.

2

Mallipalli

Kalyandurg

1050 ha.

450

1.16 Cr.

3

Papampalli

Kalyandurg

1160 ha.

550

1.24 Cr.

4

Gunthapalli

Kalyandurg

1175 ha.

585

1.35 Cr.

5

Dasampalli

Kalyandurg

950 ha.

540

1.02 Cr.

6

Battuvanipalli

Kalyandurg

975 ha.

275

1.37 Cr.

TOTAL

6310 ha.

2650

7.26 Cr.

The main interventions implemented under watershed development are as follows:

1.  Organising Village Watershed Development Committees and their institutional development:

  1. Awareness building on watershed development
  2. Formation of Village Watershed Development Committee
  3. Capacity Building for watershed committees
  4. Small Group formation
  5. Organisation of MACs.

2. Soil and Moisture conservation activities:

Various types of soil and moisture conservation activities are taken up in the cultivated lands, including earthen contour bunding, stone contour bunding, border bunding across the slope etc.

3. Rain Water Harvesting and drainage line treatment:

1) Gully plugs 2) Dug out ponds 3)Rock fill dams  4) Check walls 5) Check dams 6) Percolation tanks7) Diversion drains 8) Water absorption trenches9) Farm contour Bunds 10)Farm ponds.

4. Vegetation and Biomass Development interventions:

1)Bund planting, 2) Common land plantations 3)Seed dibbling on farm bunds etc.,

5. Farm production interventions:

1. Tree-based Horticulture 2) Rainfed Agronomical practices 3) Drought-resilient cropping systems

6. Livelihood Support Activities for the landless.

10% of the total budget was allocated for promoting off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities for the landless and other poor.

7. Formation of MACS for post-project sustainability:

Formation of Mutually Aided Cooperative Societies for Post-Project Sustainable Management of Livelihood Funds as well as Watershed Assets.

Process of operationalizing Watershed Development under NABARD guidelines:

The  watershed development is takenup in two phases - i) Capacity Building Phase (CBP) and ii) Full Implementation Phase (FIP).

Capacity Building Phase (CBP):  

In the CBP the people of the watershed village are  prepared for undertaking watershed development programme through “learning by doing” approach  Awareness on watershed development was created by village campaigns, Gram Sabhas, formal and informal  meetings, PRA exercises; and actual implementation of watershed development activities in 100 ha. area at the ridge portion in the first one year.  All appropriate watershed development activities would be planned in the 100 ha. of land and implemented in a participatory approach including mobilization of the mandatory “Shramadan” by the Village community.

Full Implementation Phase (FIP):

After satisfactory completion of the CBP for one year the programme moves to the FIP.  When the FIP begins a Grama Sabha would be  conducted by P.F.A. to select on consensus 13 to 15 members from among villagers to form a Village Watershed Development Committee (VWDC).  The VWDC should have equittable  representation for SC & ST communities, small & marginal farmers,  landless poor,  women, and other weaker sections.  The FIP begins with a tripartite MOU between Village Watershed Development Committee, PFA and NABARD. Participatory net planning is then carried out to prepare a 4 year Detailed Project Report.  The DPR would be implemented by the VWDC together with PFA in a transparent and participatory process.  The progress would be regularly monitored by a third party organization i.e., Foundation for Ecological Security (FES) besides NABARD.

Roles & Responsibilities of Village Watershed Development Committee (VWDC):

  1. The committee is headed by the Chair Person elected by the VWDC from among the committee members.
  2. Chair Person is a joint signatory of cheques, along with one team member of P.F.A,  to draw funds for implementation of watershed activities.
  3. The  VWDC  acts as Project  Implementing  Agency (PIA) of the watershed.
  4. The VWDC meets  once in 15 days or as and when necessary to discuss, decide and pass resolutions, make payment for works  and to review the progress on regular basis.
  5. The VWDC with the assistance of PFA, selects 3 watershed supervisors from among educated unemployed  active youth from the village in order to oversee  the watershed project implementation including livelihood activities.
  6. The VWDC is responsible for selecting  the eligible beneficiaries, under  livelihood programme,who are  the poor and  who can take up income generating activities. The selection process is done  with utmost transparency.
  7. The VWDC  members are  divided  into subgroups assigned responsibilities to monitor  implementation of various watershed activities.
  8. The  VWDC    undertakes field  visits  to check the quality and quantity  of works.
  9. The VWDC is responsible  for making payment for works in a transparent manner through appropriate resolutions.

Role of Watershed Supervisors: 

1. Three supervisors  employed by VWDC are to undertake supervision of works  being executed  within the watershed  village.

2. The 3 Supervisors  responsibilities are divided to supervise the works are as follows:

  1. Drainage line treatment
  2. Area  treatment, and
  3. Livelihood activities

3. The supervisors also assist  the technical  team of PFA, in procurement  of labour,  materials and measurement of works  and ensure quality.

4. They are  paid  on the basis  of their physical and financial performance

5. Regular trainings are  imparted to supervisors by the PFA in order to build  their capacity in implementation  of watershed activities.

AF Watershed Development Team:

AF has vast experience of over 30 years in participatory watershed  development. It has  sufficient number of human resources who are  committed, trained and experienced in technical aspects  and in community organisation.  They are well trained in all aspects of watershed development activities and in combining the farmers indigenous knowledge with watershed science.  The team is also well trained in enabling peoples participation, consensus decision making, conflict resolution, developing village leadership and community based institutional development.

Facilitating Convergence and Synergy:

AF also facilitated the convergence and synergy  of programmes at Village level with other   agencies like RDT, DWMA (MGNREGS) Dept., of Agriculture, Micro Irrigation Project etc.  Examples are: drip irrigation and solar  pump sets are provided  by RDT to the dry land  horticulture  farmers in the  watershed  villages.  Dry land Horticulture programme of MGNREGP is mobilized for farmers in watershed villages.

Post-Project Sustainability:

The actual implementation of all planned watershed activities was over by 31.12.2015. By the end of final year(2015-16) the VWDC promoted a village level Mutually Aided  Cooperative Society (MACS)  to ensure post-program sustainability following the legal and administrative procedures as per the MACS Act.   This arrangement ensured peoples ownership and responsibility  for effective post-project sustainable management.

Accordingly MACS have been registered in all the 6 project villages and three MACS viz., Battuvanipalli,Garudapuram and Mallipalli are in operation with some facilitation by PFA. The other 3 villages are still to operationalize MACS, though registered.

Watershed Development Fund (WDF):

The beneficiaries of the watershed activities contribute certain  amount as beneficiary contribution in cash to a fund at village level called Watershed  Development Fund (WDF). This WDF is also managed by the MACS for  the post-project sustainability i.e., the proper and timely maintenance of the watershed assets created under the program. The livelihood  amount  released by NABARD was also  managed by the MACS which is utilized  as revolving  fund  on sustainable basis for enhancing livelihoods of the poor.

Watershed Projects completed by December 2015

Six watershed development projects were implemented successfully by Accion Fraterna as PFA. The projects were closed by Dec’2015 after completion of project period. The Project Completion Reports(PCRs) were submitted to PMU(Project Management Unit), NABARD.

Description of Activities:

1. Farm Bunding: Formation of contour bunds in rain fed agricultural lands is one of the prime activities in the programme. Bunding with cross sectional area of 0.5 sq.mt. was carried out in rain fed farm lands across the slopes. These interventions arrest soil erosion and increase the water regime particularly sub soil moisture in rain fed lands to increase productivity. The bunds are also fortified with vegetation

      

2.FarmBunding with stone revetment: Rain fed farm lands with slopes greater than 6% slope, were treated with bunding and strengthened them with stone revetment on the upstream side. The bunds besides conserving the soil, harvested run-off water behind the bunds and enhance the availability of moisture to rain fed crops during dry spells.

 

3.Farm Pond: A life saving structure for rain fed crops. It is constructed with measurements of 8Mt.x8Mt.x2Mt. with side slopes of 1:1, in lowest contours of the farm land so as to collect the water drained from upstream side. The water impounded in the farm pond is utilized to provide lifesaving irrigation to rain fed crops during prolonged dry spells. The inner slopes of the farm pond are lined with cement mortar so as to retain water for a longer period.  The Farm Ponds, when lining is not done, would recharge the ground water.

4.Dry Land Horticulture: Rain fed agricultural lands when planted with horticulture tree crops like Mango, jamun, Tamarind, etc., the farmers are assured of sustainable income, every year, besides ameliorating the environment through vegetal cover. The farmer use drip for irrigating the plants if bore well is available, or water the plants manually from the Farm Ponds. The number of plants per Acre is 70. Commercial yield starts from 5th. Year. The farmer normally get an income of a minimum of Rs. 8000/- to Rs. 10000/- per acre if managed properly.

5.Percolation Tank: Percolation tanks harvest rain water and increase the ground water level, through recharge. They would help to bring additional area under irrigation or stabilize the existing bore wells.  The percolation tank has the advantage of spreading water in a larger area, thereby facilitating quick ground water recharge. Also it helps in increasing the sub soil moisture in its surrounding area and hence greenery.  The water stays generally for 5 to 6 months and the water is used by cattle for drinking and people also use for washing clothes, protecting rainfed crops etc.  Thus the percolation tanks have multiple uses.

Percolation Tank ,Gubanapalli

7. Convergence with other Programmes: Farmers seize opportunities to make use of resources from other Organisations and Government departments, through the facilitation by AccionFraterna. Nearly 35 farmers of Battuvanipalli ,Mallipalli, and Garudapuram watershed villages, are provided with solar pump sets and drip irrigation systems by R.D.T.  Many farmers have excavated farm ponds under MGNREGS in their farm lands for critical irrigation to save crops during dry spells.

Solar Pump set ,Mallipalli.

NABARD WATERSHEDS CONSOLIDATED ACHIVEMENT REPORT AS ON 31.05.2016

Name of watersheds: Battuvanipalli, Papampalli, Mallipalli, Dasampalli, Garudapuram and Gubanapalli.

S.
No.

Components of Treatments

 

 

Phy. Quantity     

Unit

Area in Ha.,

Storage Capacity

Unit

expenditure (Rs)

NO.of Beneficiaries

1

New Farm Bunding

108228

Rm

 

45456

Cum

5928430

1800

2

Stone Outlets

102569

No

 

 

 

2430787

1200

3

Farm Ponds

140

No

 

16800

cum

2801416

900

4

Afforstation Seed

802

Kgs

 

 

 

108009

140

5

Farm Bunding with Stone Revetment

18877

Rm

 

 

 

3465633

210

6

Stone Bunding

13640

Rm

 

 

 

6895188

900

7

Trench cum Bund

144

Rm

 

288

cum

9671

2

8

Bund Plantation

31269

No

208

 

 

748106

1200

9

Block Plantation

20070

No

134

 

 

369056

9

10

Horticulture

86680

No

495

 

 

6351207

450

11

Grass Seed

2679

Kgs

 

 

 

111379

15

12

Agave Suckers

47700

No

159

 

 

119196

12

13

Stone Gully Plug

380

No

0

 

 

1990927

300

14

Sunken Ponds

4

No

0

480

 

38395

4

15

Dug Out Pond

6

No

0

720

 

106506

6

16

Checkdam

36

No

0

8000

cum

4105625

72

17

Mini Percolation Tank

41

No

 

18000

cum

2350635

121

18

Rechage of Wells

1

No

 

 

 

7875

1

19

Household Plantation

928

No

 

 

 

186464

928

20

Rock Fill Dam

118

No

 

 

 

985434

90

21

Avenue Plantation

2090

No

 

 

 

58365

42

22

Flood Control Bund

3

No

 

 

 

111896

3

23

Diversion Drain

2951

No

0

0

 

1066570

46

24

R.O. PLANT

6

No

 

 

 

1237032

1400

25

Water absorption Trench

1000

Rm

 

400

cum

241342

1

26

Earthen Gully Plug

1

No

 

 

 

45636

1

 

SUB TOTAL

 

 

 

 

 

41870781

9853

 

 

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