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Accion Fraterna Biogas CDM Project for Rural Communities in Anantapur, AP, INDIA

1. Introduction:

AF Ecology Centre proposed to take-up domestic biogas project under the protocols of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and registered with UNFCCC. It proposed to establish 15000 domestic biogas units for 15000 families of drought affected poor farmers in Anantapur District. By April 2012 all the process and formalities of registration with UNFCC of the above project have been completed.  Accion Fraterna Ecology Centre is the project proponent for the project on behalf of the farmers.

Detailed PDD (Project Design Document) on this Biogas CDM project activity is available at  https://cdm.unfccc.int/projects/registered.html

The project is also registered with Gold Standard

2. Objective of Bio-gas programme under CDM:

The main objectives of this programme are

a) to save sparse local trees and aid environment by commissioning 15,000 domestic  biogas units for 15000 farmer families in Anantapur district with a unit capacity of 2 m3 for each family

b) to save time, effort and drudgery of collecting fuel wood and from cooking under smoky kitchen conditions particularly for women and

c)  to access carbon revenues to the farmers for saving trees as they would use renewable energy of biogas.

The biogas generated by using gobar renewable in nature will meet the cooking and water heating requirements of each participating family. Every family with 5 or 6 family members uses about 3.4 to 3.8 tons of fuelwood per year for their cooking and water heating requirements. One 2 m3 bio-gas unit is sufficient for cooking and water heating of a family of 5 or 6 members. The bio-gas units will not only save trees but also provide smoke- and pollution-free cooking. It has many health, social and economic benefits for the families in general and particularly for women. This programme is very relevant and beneficial particularly to Anantapur district which is a semi-arid, drought affected and poverty stricken region.

3. The plans for investment, management and time scale

The project design is to construct and commission 15,000 biogas units of 2 m3 for each eligible and willing 15000 families. The cost of constructing a 2 m3 biogas unit is approx. Rs.15,000/- (at 2015 prices). Each unit when used normally reduces 3.77 tCO2 emissions per year they are called Certified Emission Reductions (CERs). Carbon investors from India and abroad are expected to come forward to invest with forward funding for commissioning of these biogas units and in that way they pre-purchase carbon credits  to be generated by the project.

At present the international carbon market has crashed drastically and it is not feasible to generate and trade in international market.  However, the Indian Industry has shown some interest to pre-purchase carbon credits, though they are not legally oblized to do so as of now.  They voluntarily do it in the interest of sustainable climate.  And post Paris21 Climate Conference, the carbon market scenario is expected to change drastically.  The Indian Industry also would be required to comply with carbon emission reductions and so the investments are likely to flow from Indian Industry.  The International and National carbon markets are likely to grow and carbon prices are expected to go up substantially from the present level(?).

AF Ecology Centre proposed  to take up this programme  either fully with about 15000 families covering 15 mandals and 216 gram panchayats or partially in phases depending on the availability of investment.  

4. Expected benefits of this programme

This programme brings multiple and sustainable benefits economically, ecologically, socially and technically.

4.1 Family and Community health benefits

  • The time and effort spent to collect fuel wood is saved and reduces the stress and drudgery of women particularly. They can use the saved time and effort for other needy activities.
  • The time spent on cooking is less with biogas compared to fuel wood. And the kitchen and utensils will not get blackened and stained. Time spent by women on cleaning the utensils is reduced and the kitchen looks cleaner.
  • Cooking with fuel wood is very uncomfortable with smoke pollution and is an unwilling work for anybody. The family members particularly women, children and the aged are plagued with diseases of eyes, respiratory system, headache etc. Cooking on biogas ovens is without smoke pollution and comfortable. This would add to the comfort and health of the family members, particularly women and children.
  • The gas required for cooking is generated at home and so women feel worriless, happy and confident with regard to cooking.
  • Dung and other waste around home and surroundings create foul smell, breed various flies, mosquitoes, harmful bacteria leading to diseases like diarrhea, worms etc., particularly for children. The biogas units consume the dung and waste as raw material and keep the home and surroundings clean.
  • The parents particularly women get more time to see their children go to school.
  • It would enhance the self-worth and respect of the family, particularly for women as their home is clean, surroundings are clean, their children are going to school etc.

4.2 Expected economic benefits

  • The project will be implemented with no initial costs to the families.
  • The CERs would bring to the family an additional income of over Rs.2,000 per year for about 14 years.
  • The time and effort saved could be used for additional income generation purposes.
  • The construction and maintenance of biogas units generates additional employment in rural areas.
  • While constructing the biogas units, an additional Rs. 4.5 lakh on average is added to each village the economy by constructing about 30 biogas units in each of the project villages. And an additional carbon revenue every year for 30 families.
  • Biogas releases a very high quality bio-manure as its waste. It reduces the cost spent on chemical fertilizers by the farmers and adds to the sustainable production of crops without agro chemicals.

4.3 Expected environmental benefits

  • Reduce deforestation and tree felling and improve the local ecology and environment.
  • Animal waste, farm waste and kitchen waste could be utilized for producing energy and avoid pollution.
  • High quality bio-manure would be generated as a by-product. It reduces the use of agro-chemicals.
  • The home and village surroundings will be clean and contribute to the community health.

4.4 Expected technical benefits

  • Additional skilled employment will be generated in the villages, particularly for uneducated rural youth.

5. Progress in project implementation:

In September 2014 a tripartite agreement was reached between Accion Fraterna, Sahajeevan Trust and Fair Climate Services Pvt. Ltd., (FCS) being the legal holder of Fair Climate Network (FCN).

The agreement briefly is that FCS would invest under forward purchase the carbon credits to be generated and fund the construction of 2500 domestic biogas units.  And on behalf of Accion Fraterna, Sahajeevan Trust would undertake the construction and maintenance of Biogas units, under the supervision of Accion Fraterna.

The cost of construction and maintenance for 8 years of 2500 biogas units is Rs. 8.5 crore.  The construction would began in October 2014 and expected to complete by September 2016.  As on 31.03.2016 the progress is as follows:

The project is implemented in 118 villages in 16 Mandals

  Click here to Project Design Document (PDD)

 

Project Areas

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